Killer Whale Tales

Our education partners at the Port Townsend Marine Science Center are hosting a special event dealing with orcas on Saturday, August 7.

Don’t miss Killer Whale Tales this Saturday– 2:30pm in the Natural History Exhibit Classroom. Talented story teller and orca researcher, Jeff Hogan has created a program in which participants experience the world as the animals around them do.

Bring your friends and families! Free with the price of admission.

Great Customer Photo of Killer Whale

We love it when customers from our whale watching trips share photos with us.  Recent guest and Flickr user PTPerson1 tagged this photo from a recent cruise. It’s a great shot, and we thank you for sharing (and tagging photos on Flickr as “pugetsoundexpress”)!

Jack and Lori Share a Whale of a Tale

Puget Express customers Jack and Lori have posted a great description of their whale watching cruise from Port Townsend to Friday Harbor on their blog.

In addition to seeing plenty of orcas on their trip (including Mega, the 32 year-old male from J-Pod), they had a great time in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island, including going mopeding and hiking.

They packed a lot of fun into their day, and are a great example of how much fun it is go whale watching in Port Townsend.

Thanks for sharing Jack and Lori!

Photo from Jack and Lori's trip

Summer Whale Watching in Port Townsend

Summer has arrived in the Pacific Northwest, and customers of both our Port Townsend-Friday Harbor ferry, as well as our Four Hour Whale Watching Tour are enjoying some great weather as they encounter the abundant wildlife around the San Juan Islands.

On a recent trip, our crew captured this video of some transient orcas (whales that are just passing through) near Barns and Clark Islands.  If you have any video from a recent trip, let us know – we’d love to feature it here on the site.

Whales Love Cloudy Days

It is the first day of summer here in the Pacific Northwest – and overall, it has been a comparatively cool season so far (although the weather experts tell us the sun will start winning the marine battle very soon).

Today, for instance, it is somewhat cloudy and foggy. As humans, we are tempted to look at that and think – “hey, we won’t be able to see any whales if we go out in this, right?

Well, you would be wrong. Even on cloudy days, our visibility is more than sufficient to see whales and a lot of other wildlife on our whale watching tours. What is interesting is that it is often on the cloudy, foggy days that we have our best whale-watching sessions. We’re not sure what it is, but whales seem to love cloudy days.

This customer photo from ERJ17 illustrates what we mean. Even though the cloud deck is low, the orcas are out and about and putting on a great show for all of us. You can see more of ERJ17’s photos over on Flickr (and don’t forget to upload your own and tag them “psexpress” or “puget sound express”).

Orcas on a cloudy day - by ERJ17

A “Transient” Invasion?

The last few days have been exciting and unpredictable: Exciting, because we’ve had some fantastic whale encounters; unpredictable, because those whales have been (largely) mammal-eating “transient” orcas!

Most of our guests that have joined us in the summer months have become intimately familiar with the fish-eating “southern resident” community of killer whales, a large extended family that works our nearby inland waters for Pacific salmon. During the winter these whales spend long periods on the open ocean, and start poking their noses into the San Juan Islands as spring matures. Both J pod and L pod (two of three “southern resident” pods) have made passes through the Islands this May, and we anticipate their return — following the salmon — at any moment.

In the meantime, however, a different ecotype of killer whale — the “transient” — has seized upon the absence of the fish-eating “residents” to case the inland waters for grub. This observation begs two questions: 1) What is an ecotype? and 2) Why should the presence of one ecotype of killer whale influence the travel patterns of another?

Transient Orca photo by Carl Wodenscheck

The term ecotype was invented to distinguish between populations of animals within the same species that occupy different “ecological niches.” That is, they relate to their environment differently: they eat different things. Some killer whales eat salmon, others penguins, and (in the case of our “transients”) mammals like seals and gray whales. These different ecotypes also seem to have different social structures: fish-eating “residents” travel in large matrilineal pods, while “transients” travel erratically in small pods whose members may or may not be directly related.

In my opinion, the terms “resident” and “transient” are no longer helpful in distinguishing the two ecotypes of killer whale most often found in the Salish Sea, and may actually stifle their conservation.

The terms derive to the first census of northeast Pacific orcas, conducted by the late Michael Bigg starting in 1972, and is based on the simple observation that during the summer months the large pods of fish-eating orcas remain relatively centralized in the inland waters (hence “resident”), while the mammal-eating varieties come and go with relative unpredictability (hence “transient”). I believe that the use of the term “resident” has been a huge part in the personalization and development of community ownership of our fish-eating killer whales over the past few decades; this evolution of public consciousness, I assert, has been the dominant cause of progressive management and conservation efforts on the whales’ behalf.

As we have learned more about these two ecotypes of killer whale, however, the “resident”/”transient” dichotomy loses its footing. First, our “southern resident” orcas actually range from Monterey Bay to the Queen Charlotte Islands: some 1,500 miles of coast. Second, our “transient” orcas were probably here first: one of the leading hypotheses concerning the origin of salmon-eating “residents” is that they diverged from the shark-and-squid-eating “offshore” ecotype of the open ocean as Pacific salmon moved into the inland waters and became anadromous (migrating from sea to freshwater to spawn). Presumably the mammal-eating “transients” had already been working the coast for quite some time.

What fascinates me is the apparent territorial priority of “residents” over “transients” in these waters. When the fish-eaters are around, transients are rarely seen. But in these shoulder weeks, when the “residents” are feeding offshore, “transients” start popping up everywhere! Just yesterday afternoon there were “transient” pods racing around Lawrence Point, sneaking into Peavine Pass and two large groups near Protection Island.

In my experience, the “resident”/”transient” distinction not only excludes mammal-eaters from a public sense of ownership, but evokes a kind of pejorative attitude. I have heard people refer to “transients” as “the bad orcas,” pronouncing emphatically their distaste. But what about “porpoise football,” and the non-predatory harassment of minke whales by fish-eating “resident” orcas? As elegant and beautiful as these animals are, they are more wolf than panda — no matter what they happen to be eating — and their moral standing is to us as much an enigma as their eerie calls and ritual displays.

Furthermore, the “transients” may need active conservation just as much as the “residents.” While there doesn’t seem to be a shortage of harbor seals, the fact that these mammal-eaters eat at a higher trophic level than the fish-eaters means that they carry on average twice the toxic load. Some of the chemicals that seem to affect them the most, like DDT and PCBs, have been banned. But others, like certain forms of PBDE (a fire retardant) are still in widespread use. Although these chemicals affect “resident” orcas, too, bringing the mammal-eating killer whale out of its gypsy-esque relegation and into the spotlight of public affection might add a powerful punch to legislative efforts at both the state and federal level.

There is something deeply mysterious about seeing these mammal-eating orcas in the wild. The sudden slice of glinting black fin and burst of billowing blow brings an urgent, desperate clarity to the ancient basalt bluffs and faceless silver sea along the north shore of Orcas Island. The sudden appearance of this enigmatic ecotype of killer whale is, I believe, not so much an invasion as it is a revelation. And just as Moses descended Mount Zion with a violent glow about him, we carry away from our brief encounter an aura of wonder and vivid memories.

Final Week of Gray Whale Tours

Wow. What a month! We have had a terrific time taking passengers around Puget Sound this past month to see gray whales, orcas, and the rest of the marine menagerie that make this waterway such a treasure. We are in our final week of gray whale cruises, so if you haven’t joined us yet, reserve your trip right away.

Gloria, a recent passenger, sent us a couple of photos from her trip, including the fluke of a gray whale, and a pride of sea lions. Thanks Gloria! Don’t forget, if you have photos to share, upload them to Flickr, and tag them “psexpress” or “pugetsoundexpress” and we’ll share them.

We Witness Gray Whale Encounter With Orcas

Yesterday was a big day on the water. Puget Sound Express passengers got to see a rare encounter between gray whales and orcas. Details of the encounter were shared by Kitsap Sun writer Christopher Dunagan, and photos were posted on Flickr by passenger Patrick Downs.

Captain Erick Peirson was attempting to locate two adult gray whales traveling with a younger gray. Instead, the crew spotted a group of transient orcas.

Apparently, the male orca had completed a long dive underwater, coming up right alongside the grays.

Dunagan writes:

“I saw a lot of splashing and churning of the water,” Peirson said. “The male killer whale’s fin was slicing into a turn. In the middle was a gray whale fluke.”

It was clear, he said, that the two adult gray whales had quickly positioned themselves in a defensive posture, one on each side of the younger gray whale.

“The male killer whale rubbed up alongside the biggest gray whale,” Peirson said. “The gray whales were logging at the surface, just sitting right there. We thought the killer whales would go in for the kill at that point.”

Instead, the orcas broke away. “We next saw the killer whales in the distance heading to the north.”